URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
UTIs are common infections that happen when bacteria, often from the skin or rectum, enter the urethra, and infect the urinary tract. The infections can affect several parts of the urinary tract, but the most common type is a bladder infection (cystitis). Kidney infection (pyelonephritis) is another type of UTI. In men, UTI usually presents as prostate infection or prostatitis.
Prostatitis is inflammation (swelling) of the prostate gland. It can be very painful and distressing, but will often get better eventually. The prostate is a small gland that lies between the penis and bladder. It produces fluid that's mixed with sperm to create semen. Prostatitis can come on at any age.
What are the signs of a urinary tract infection?
A UTI causes inflammation in the lining of your urinary tract. The inflammation may cause the following problems:
Pain in your flank, abdomen, pelvic area or lower back
Pressure in the lower part of your pelvis
Cloudy, offensive smelling urine
Pain when you urinate
Blood in your urine
The mainstay of treatment of acute pyelonephritis is antibiotics, analgesics, and antipyretics. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) work well to treat both pain and fever associated with acute pyelonephritis. In severe cases hospitalisation might be required.
Antibiotics usually are the first treatment for urinary tract infections. Your health and the type of bacteria found in your urine determine which medicine is used and how long you need to take it.
If you have acute or chronic bacterial prostatitis, you'll take antibiotics. Acute disease may require intravenous (IV) antibiotics in the hospital for a short period. The entire course of antibiotic treatment is usually 4 weeks — or longer in some cases.
If the prostate is enlarge, medication to allow easier voiding (Uromax) will facilitate the cure rate.
PELVIC PAIN SYNDROME
This condition consists of any type of pelvic pain that has lasted 6 months or longer. It’s not to be confused with a bladder infection. The pain usually gets worse with a full bladder and presents with frequency and urgency.
Often, there is a lack of an apparent physical cause sufficient to explain the pain.
One of the causes of pelvic pain syndrome is interstitial cystitis, which a non-bacterial inflammatory condition of the bladder. Treatment of this condition includes examination under anesthesia, with hydro-distention of the bladder, followed by a combination of pharmaceutical agents to alleviate the pain fibers of the bladder.